客観的臨床能力試験は、英語で Objective Structured Clinical Examination（OSCE）と呼ばれる。学生は、患者さん（ボランティア）と採点者（医者）がいる部屋に入り、約１０分間で課された課題をこなさなければならない。
31 year old bricklayer who presented to ED with an acutely painful red eye after recently swiping their eye with mortar (contains lime → alkali burn). Was also expected to take further Hx e.g. eye protection?
Solely examiner in the room
Perform VA on examiner
Fundoscopy of model… how many words can see in the model?
Management of chemical injury…. Had to tell examiner what you would do;
URGENT OPHTHAL REFERRAL
|General Practice||Acute Otitis Media
20 month old non-Indigenous child presented with fever and you had to speak to the Dad about symptoms. Shown images of disc bulging of R ear and L ear normal.
Analgesia - pain stop/paracetamol
R/V in a few days
|General Practice||Breast Lump
49 year old woman from a rural town 2 hours away from hospital services presents to GP with breast lump in R breast.
|General Practice||T2DM - lifestyle counselling
35 year old Shannon a Noongar (Aboriginal) lady who presents today for R/V of her recently diagnosed T2DM.
1. Assess her compliance/progress of lifestyle changes so far (or something like that)
2. “Discuss the barriers to patient improving her glycaemic control”
She is a single mother with 3 children and her mother lives with her. She works long hours at the local AMS and is
sometimes too tired to cook meals.
73 year old man brought into ED with 2 weeks of lethargy, confusion and nausea. B/g of AF, T2DM and non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed in 2010.
Examiner shows hypercalcaemia on a B/G of SCC Dx 3 years ago, increased urea and creatinine, slightly raised hyperkalaemia. Raised ALP, GGT. FBC normal, WCC normal, coagulation profile normal.
● Talk through top DDx, and why so?
● What other investigations would you have ordered
● Mgmt. of the hypercalcaemia (IVH, diuretics, bisphosphonates + calcitriol?)
3 year old post-drowning is brought into ED by ambulance and the student nurse can help with CPR but is unsure how to perform it.
Had to correct technique of student nurse as he was too slow
Was also expected to bag the kid for a few cycles at my site. Nurse takes over after a couple. Was also suction available but was nothing to suction when you did Airway assessment.
Some variation between stations but at mine (Ozzy Park) the defib was ‘on the way’ when you asked about it. Was a cardiac trace that showed asystole. Had to give weight appropriate adrenaline dose (20kg = 200mcg?) to get ROSC.
After achieve ROSC paeds come and take over care (defib still ‘on the way’ at this point smh lol).
|Paediatrics||Non Accidental Injury
Mother presents with her 2 month child with NAI from step-father. When asked about the mechanism of injury said that she wasn’t actually there, it was the step-father looking after him alone. Generally very vague about the Hx/mechanism when asked. Baby from previous relationship, when asked Mum sometimes feels unsafe at home but okay as long as do things ‘his (the partners) way’.
XR showed complete femur #
|Surgery||Small Bowel Obstruction
60 year old Mr Parson’s has had intermittent, crampy pain (3/10) for the past 2 weeks and now has now not passed flatulence.
Perform Abdo Exam and answer examiner’s questions
- guy was meant to have a scar from hemicolectomy
- vital signs (by bedside) were all okay, slightly hypertensive and tachycardic
Get given AXR → it’s SBO
- Prep the guy for theatre (drip & suck, IVH, bloods, ECG, call reg + theatre, etc.)
|Surgery (Ear Nose Throat)||Sudden sensorineural hearing loss
● Trigger: 43 y/o lady present with acute onset of ringing and hearing loss on right ear.
● Perform rinne and weber to determine what type of hearing loss
● Questions on the different DDX of acute sensorineural loss
● Also asked about immediate + follow-up mgmt. (steroids + ENT referral + MRI/CT pretty sure)
|Surgery / Anaesthetics||Compartment Syndrome
Tibial # 6h ago for ORIF 1/7. Presents with marked escalation of pain in the affected limb.
● Compartment Syndrome - follow the WHO ladder for analgesia and management.
● Trigger was a bit vague but they were looking for you to take a quick history, go over your examination and management. Think key points were to go through the 5P’s in the limb and consider emergent fasciotomy.
● Spanner was thrown in the works for us - Examiner asked ‘if your reg said not to worry about it, put the cast back and we’ll see them tomorrow. What would your response be?’ - essentially just had to say that you wouldn’t be comfortable with that and that you should insist the patient be seen now.
|Emergency Medicine||Breaking Bad News
Mrs Jones 83 year old female is found unresponsive following a bell alarm triggered which the nurse answered. She knows nothing about the patient and wants to know if she should continue CPR.
● She had a NOF# several days ago
● There was a completed ED admission form and her old file underneath it which had an Advance Health
Directive which states that the patient DOESN’T consent to CPR, intubation or ICU/HDU admission.
● Then the nurse turned into the daughter and you had to explain that her mother had passed away suddenly
● Essentially it was a “breaking bad news” station so I used the SPIKES format and offered time with her mother to say goodbyes, if she wanted me to call a family or friend, chaplain etc
|Emergency Medicine||Humerus Fracture
72 year old female presents after slipping over and falling on her shoulder. She is waiting in the non-acute section of ED please perform a targeted examination and tell the examiner your management.
It was a closed neck of humerus # and you had to explain to the examiner the findings on the X-Ray
There were different types of equipment available e.g. collar n cuff, cotton sling with pins and materials for casting.
You had to decide which to put on her.
|Psychiatry||Psychosis (drug induced? FEP?)
● Young girl in 20s
● 6-8 months of paranoia/auditory delusions - can hear groups of people talking about her
● Also permeation of ego boundaries (said TV/radio were reading her thoughts or something along those lines)
● 3x cannabis/week
● Nil psych Hx, medical Hx, FHx - takes ‘some drug the GP prescribed me to help me relax’
● Nil Sx of a mood/anxiety d/o
● I went with schizophrenia since she had first order symptoms. DIP was my second differential. Patient and examiner seemed happy with me as I was leaving so pretty sure that’s what they were looking for
|Obstetrics and Gynaecology||Gynae Triage - Read over the patient list, prioritise and give your primary Dx, discuss the Mx of one case (SHOCK patient ?ectopic pregnancy - [pt D])
○ YOU HAVE YOURSELF (RMO), REGISTRAR (EXAMINER), AND AN ED NURSE AVAILABLE
○ A - 48 year old lady with irregular periods. None for last 3 mo. Presents with heavy bleed. Has brought in a towel soaked with blood with her. Obs are stable.
○ B - young lady with twin pregnancy. +++ vomiting. Urinary ketones. Complaining and demanding to be seen by someone.
○ C - 17 year old with vaginal discharge and fever. Obs are stable with BP ~110/80. I got a strong sense that this was an endometritis/PID picture.
○ D - young lady with acute onset RIF pain. BP ~100/70, tachycardic, resps 20, 96% RA.
|Obstetrics and Gynaecology||Counselling for post-dates/discuss risks and benefits of vaginal and c-section (40+5/40)
○ Just got asked a series of questions by patient regarding induction. Seemed to prompt us to go over options and discuss why going post 42 weeks would be a bad idea.
|Oncology/Palliative Care||Lady with New York Heart Association Class IV Congestive Heart Failure
● Refer to Pall. Care after prognosis of 6-12mths to live
● Already aware of prognosis. You are there to discuss the referral to pall care
● Patient main concerns were 1) breathlessness and 2) family were not coping
● Discussed with them what pall care was and how they can help at this point - symptomatic control of breathlessness and specialised SW support for family. Essentially just answered their questions about pall care.
— ごとうひろみち (@iTELL_) 2018年9月21日
— ごとうひろみち (@iTELL_) 2018年9月21日